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World History Nov 14 '17

The Hittites built their own capital in the north east of this early Anatolian year 1700 BC. Ankara Boğazköy, founded in Central Anatolia, and the powerful empire from there. While many Hittite regions remain untouched in Ankara, they are given to the earth under large earth mounds in the earth. The Ankara Archaeological Museum is famous for its excellent accumulation of Hittite artifacts. Another early Phrygian is well represented in the museum. These people, Hittites place BC By the end of the 1st millennium, he established his capital cities in Gordion. This is less than a hundred kilometers east of Ankara.

It is thought that Ankara was founded by the Phrygians, who were known as Sea People in ancient times. B.C. In the 8th century, Ankara was a major commercial center of Phrygia. In the 7th century, they were caught by the Kimmers and circulated Anatolia. The Lydian kings restored Ankara to a prosperous city. And BC In the 6th century, the city became an important Persian fortress, continuing to the Persian capital of Susa on the Persian Gulf, due to the situation on the Royal Route between Gordion and Sardis. At this point in the city is referred to as Ancyra.

Alexander the Great Hellenization was observed in Ankara and Anatolia for a period when it emerged in 333 in the empire campaign. Ankara was not big enough to give urb or city name for now; Gordion is more of Alexander than Ancyra. Nevertheless, Gordion's preponderance increased in the Hellenistic Age of Ankara,

B.C. In the 3rd century, several Celtic peoples moving eastward from the Rhine Valley reached Central Anatolia. One of these groups chose Ankara as the capital city of Testosajlar, which is related to the Celtic tribe that settled in the south of France. This became the most important center of the region we know as Galatia. The struggle of these Galatians has a long history; Their location in Ankara was of vital importance due to its central position between east and west. B.C. In '88, the Galatians were defeated by Mithridates of Pontus during the wars with the Romans in their capitals. Ankara was demolished in this process, but Augustus was rebuilt in a splendid way when he took Rome to the city. Management once again passed to Galatya. The Monu-mentus Ancyranum, written on the walls of the Roman Temple and Augustus, can be seen today. This is a description of the successes of Emperor Augustus, who honored the city of Ancyra with special respect.

We know the bad thoughts about Ancyra city with the letter Saint Paul sent to the Gaiatians in the Bible. This was the reason for resistance to Christianity in the city. During the Byzantine period, Ankara enriched. For a short time in the seventh century AD the city was in the hands of the Sassanid kings of Persians. This was twenty-five years before Ankara was recaptured by Emperor Heraklius. From this period, the city has undergone changes in various authorities. They captured it in the Arabs 838 and destroyed most of the city. It was rebuilt by Emperor Michael III. Ankara Byzantine disappeared forever after the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. The Seljuks had difficulty in controlling the city with the Danicemend Chiefs. During the 11th and 12th centuries, a decline in the prosperity of Ankara was recorded until the reign of Sejuk Sultan Keykubad, who served the Seijuk tribes to make a final effort to build the empire. Seijuk Angora's present-named anniversary was short-lived. In 1402, the Mongols defeated Sultan Beyazit, just outside of the Seijuk castle. With the increase of Ottoman rule in Anatolia, Angora, Turkish hand was restored firmly,

However, the Ottomans preferred Bursa and Istanbul cities to Ankara, and their eyes and banners were thrown to the west. Since the city was an important caravan route, it became an important trade and commerce center during the Ottoman era. Angora goat, wheat and baryeydan are famous for using mohair.

The decline in importance of Ankara was recorded simultaneously with the failure of the Ottoman government on world affairs. Nevertheless, Ataturk gave a different importance to the city he used as a center of resistance in the War of Independence. While a "National Assembly" convened in Ankara in 1920, the Ottoman government in Istanbul was signing an agreement that would divide much of the country and deliver it to the victorious World War I allies. As a result of the Turkish resistance led by Kemal Atatürk, the allied plots were removed and the army declared Ankara as the capital on 29 October 1923. From then on. As the development of contemporary Turkey continued, the city continued to increase its importance in world affairs



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